If you have booked a holiday, the last thing you will want to do is cancel it. If the worst does happen, here is when and how you can get your money back from your travel insurance.
There can never have been a period with as many holidays cancelled as the past 18 months - with the pandemic destroying vacation plans at home and abroad.
But if you're determined to get away, there are steps you can take to make sure that even if your dream trip doesn't happen, you at least are protected financially from the fallout.
This is what you need to know about holiday cancellation cover.
It is included in a travel insurance policy and covers against cancellation of your holiday. You can get a lump sum back from your travel insurer if you have to cancel your trip.
You should therefore take out cover as soon as you book so you will be protected for as long as possible. You can compare travel insurance policies here.
You will not be covered by your travel insurance policy if you change your mind and decide you no longer want to go on holiday.
The most common reasons include:
If you, a travelling companion or a relative has a serious injury or becomes ill
If a travelling companion or a relative dies
If you have been made redundant
If you have to go to court, or have been called for jury duty
If you have to stay at home following a fire, flood or burglary of your property within 48 hours of your departure date, or if this happens while you are away
If you, or one of your party, becomes pregnant after you were sold the policy, or a doctor recommends you should not travel due to pregnancy complications
If the Foreign and Commonwealth Office advise against 'all travel' or 'all but essential travel' to your destination after you have bought your insurance - this includes countries being placed on the Coronavirus "red list"
Check the policy carefully before you buy cover to see what is accepted.
There's an ongoing debate about whether being told to isolate or quarantine counts if you've not tested positive yourself, but have been pinged or contacted by test and trace.
You should still be able to get a full refund if it would be illegal for you to use a booking - for example if you've been contacted by test and trace and told to isolate, if a new lockdown comes into force banning non-essential travel or your destination country bans visitors or closes hotels - but this is still a legally grey area.
The safest thing to do here is to check your terms and conditions carefully before travel, and opt for any "Covid enhanced" options. They might cost more, but they could also make the difference between getting a payout or not.
Note: Travel insurance won't cover you if you choose to go to a destination that is on the red list when you take it out.
If the country is on the green or amber lists when you book, then is moved to the red list afterwards, your policy should cover you. However, if you decide not to go because a country has moved to the amber list, this could be viewed as a 'disinclination to travel' by your insurer and that means no payout for you.
You can read our full guide to Coronavirus and travel here.
With Coronavirus advice and restrictions changing on a seemingly weekly basis, people have been cutting short trips in order to get home before quarantine requirements are brought in.
The good news is that with the right policy in place, you can recover some of the money you've spent on the holiday through your insurance.
The phrase you need to look for in travel documents is "curtailment cover".
However, this won't cover you if you simply decide to fly home sooner - you need to have a valid reason, such as the ones listed above for cancellation, to claim on it.
Travel insurers offer a set amount, usually between £1,000 and £5,000 per person.
Most policies will cover the cost of:
Travel and accommodation expenses that you have paid or have agreed to pay under contract.
Activities and excursions that you have already paid for, or are contracted to pay for. Some insurers set a limit on the amount they will pay per excursion, for example £250
Most travel insurance insurers will not pay out for:
A claim linked to a pre-existing medical condition you had not declared on your policy
A claim resulting from circumstances you knew about before you purchased the policy, like the illness of a relative
Any costs relating to airport taxes or air passenger duty
The excess you need to pay to make your claim
Read the full list of exclusions detailed in the travel insurance policy before you get a quote, otherwise you may not be covered when you need it most.
Contact your travel advisor to cancel your travel arrangements, this could include:
Your airport transfers
Your travel advisor will be able to tell you if they can issue you with a full refund, but many have terms and conditions to avoid doing this. Find out what your rights to a refund on your holiday are here.
If this is the case, you can claim on the cancellation cover provided by your travel insurance provider.
To claim, you will need to provide evidence to your insurance company, including:
Cancellation invoice and any unused tickets
Medical documents if you cancelled your trip due to death, illness or injury
Any other documents that support your claim
If you are cutting your holiday short you will need to contact your insurer immediately before you make any arrangements to return home.
Here is a step-by-step guide of how to make a claim on your travel insurance.
To find the right cancellation cover for your holiday check as many policies as possible.
The policy should cover the cost of your holiday if you have to cancel it, so make sure the cover levels meet your needs.
You will only be able to claim if you cancel your holiday for one of the reasons allowed on your policy document, so check these thoroughly before you buy your cover.
Make sure you get the best possible cover when you go away by comparing travel insurance deals. You can find the cover you need at the right price whatever your travel plans.